There is no more important step to be taken along the road to racial justice than building and strengthening a black middle class. See Jeffrey Rosen, “Damage Control,” The New Yorker, February 23 and March 2, 1998, p. 58. AUTHORS: William G. Bowen and Derek Bok First published in 1998, William Bowen and Derek Bok’s The Shape of the River became an immediate landmark in the debate over affirmative action in America. >> This closing of the gap, moreover, was due to rising black scores, not falling white ones, indicating that something -- perhaps the War on Poverty, perhaps increased black expectations, perhaps improved schooling, especially in math -- was working. William G. Bowen (1933-2016) was president emeritus of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and Princeton University and founding chairman of ITHAKA.. His many books included The Shape of the River: Long-Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions (with Derek Bok) (Princeton).Derek Bok is the 300th Anniversary University Research Professor at Harvard … The picture improves even more if one examines the years after college. Bowen, William G., and Derek Bok. by Scott Williams April 11, 2000. Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, n20 p120-22 Sum 1998. They report high degrees of satisfaction with their experiences in college. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998, 472pp. /Linearized 1 ↩ 25. The institutions we chose to sample mirror those examined by Bowen and Bok (1998) in their College and Beyond Survey. . PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE AND DISSEMINATE THIS MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRANTED BY. But the absence of hard information is also due to the policies of educational institutions themselves, which keep secret the kinds of data which would shed light on who gets admitted to them and who does not -- and why. Some of the evidence collected by Bowen and Bok confirms this; in less selective institutions, black graduation rates six years after entering college are significantly lower than white graduation rates. Bok and Bowen state that the journey from college admissions through career and family life is akin to moving down a long, winding river with many varied conditions. is the subject of The Shape of the River--Long Term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions by William G. Bowen and Derek Bok. The landmark New York Times bestseller that demonstrates the benefits of race-conscious admissions in higher education First published in 1998, William Bowen and Derek Bok’s The Shape of the River became an immediate landmark in the debate over affirmative action in America. demonstrates why affirmative action programs can be good for the country. 1075 0 obj Still, Bowen and Bok conclude that the overall picture proves that minority students are not ''overmatched'' in comparison with whites admitted with much higher SAT scores to the nation's top schools. As Phillips and her colleagues point out, we could eliminate at least half, and probably more, of the black-white test score gap at the end of the 12th grade by eliminating the differences that exist before children enter first grade. 0000000015 00000 n 0000001345 00000 n Bowen william and derek bok 1998 the shape of the. Goals of the Admissions Process ..... 148 B. 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